Relationship between Health and Behavior Affecting Social Determinants of Health using Health Paradigm
Health and behaviors’ connection is brought about by social, psychological and biological factors. These factors rule out a health person from the unhealthy one.
In biological factors, physical health and behavior is determined by genes and physiology of our bodies. For instance, medication as drugs can alter one’s behavior as making the consumer paranoid in thinking that they are been rejected by their loved ones while other drugs medication as pain relievers make the consumer relaxed as the pain relieving effect is taken place. Additionally, certain genetic characteristics which are often inherited from parents may result to diseases such as cancer and obesity.
Under psychological factors, our physical and emotional health behavior can affect how we think and the feelings to various scenarios in life. Negative behaviors as stress and anxiety lead to health symptoms as headaches and stomach upset due to overthinking and over working the brain terrifying thoughts. However, positive behaviors and emotions improve our well-being creating an effective environment of socializing with others and learning from them aspects of life in our society.
Reflecting on social factors, our relationships with others, the culture we are associated with and the environment we interact with clearly affects our behaviors and health effect. An example being social support. Here, one has friends and family to seek advice or rather assistance from whenever need arises without hesitation. As a result, the quality of life and unity is enhanced in facing life problems. Hence under no circumstance will one acquire diseases as ulcers due to stress and depression. On the contrary, living in a high crime environment negatively affects one’s life as one may experience health issues as intense feelings of anger and depression.
Social determinants of health are factors shaping the conditions in which people live in as income, schooling and access to healthcare. Different behaviors result to different health outcomes. Disadvantaged backgrounds experience worse health outcomes compared to advantaged backgrounds. Behaviors as smoking and poor diet intake result to persistent diseases which are more frequent among those with lower socio economic life. Chronic diseases lead to increased healthcare cost as much funds will be spent in treating the diseases and thus, one’s lifespan will lose quality of living.
Furthermore, lack of accessing healthcare and education results to poor mental health affecting one’s behavior. As an example, stress and feeling anxiety may hinder one from making healthy choices and engaging in healthy behaviors. Therefore, in conclusion social determinants is important in facilitating health equity and individuals’ health outcomes.
Noar, S. M., & Mehrotra, P. (2019). Toward a new methodological paradigm for testing theories of health behavior and health behavior change. Patient Education and Counseling, 82(3), 468-474.
Short, S. E., & Mollborn, S. (2019). Social determinants and health behaviors: conceptual frames and empirical advances. Current opinion in psychology, 5, 78-84.


Approximately 250 words